There are two major ocean currents that affect the country’s coast which influences the climate, so Argentina has a temperate climate, as well as a subtropical climate in the north and a sub polar climate in the south. The north gets very humid and very hot in the summer and is very dry in the winter, which is June through August. The central part of the country experiences hot summers with heavy thundershowers and some of the largest hail storms on record, plus the winters are very cool. In the south the summers are warm and the winters are cold and snow can be heavy, especially in the area around the mountains.
Different wind currents also have an affect on the weather in all areas of the country. The cool winds known as Pampero Winds usually are experienced in Patagonia and the Zonda Winds are found in the west-central areas, which have been known to cause wildfires, snowstorms and major blizzards in the mountains. The Sudestada Winds that arrive in late fall and winter are responsible for heavy rains, cold temperatures, costal flooding and heavy seas. The southern section of Argentina experiences about 19 hours of daylight between November and February and from May to August the nights are extremely long.